- Constitutional limit of the state mileage rate on both real and personal property to 6.5 mills
(of which 3 mills are dedicated to education).
- Business property, both real and personal, taxed on 20 percent of fair market value.
- Inventories and goods-in-process are not taxed.
- Pollution control equipment statutorily exempt from property taxation.
- Exemption of all tangible personal property being warehoused in Alabama for shipment to a destination
outside the state.
Alabama Reinvestment and Abatements Act
- New Facility and Expansion
- Abatement of non-educational portion of sales and use taxes on construction materials.
- Abatement of non-educational portion of property tax for up to 20 years.
- Existing Facility: Refurbishments, Upgrades, or Placed Back in Service
- Abatement of non-educational sales and use taxes on construction materials and equipment.
- Abatement of non-educational property taxes for up to 20 years of the incremental property tax
- Exemption from taxes for increased utility services for up to 10 years.
- AIDT worker training.
Jobs Act Incentives
- Jobs Credit
- Annual cash refund up to 3 percent of the previous year’s gross payroll for up to 10 years.
- For companies employing at least 12 percent veterans, up to an additional 0.5 percent credit is available
for the wages of veterans.
- Up to an additional 1 percent job credit is available for companies in targeted counties.
- Investment Credit
- Credit of up to 1.5 percent of the qualified capital investment expenses for up to 10 years. Credit can
be taken against the Alabama income tax liability and/or utility tax liability.
- Credit is available for up to 15 years for companies selling their output nearby.
- Five-year carry forward, three-year transferability
Sales and Use Taxes
- Four state rate differentials, which include:
- A 1.5 percent rate for manufacturing and farm machinery;
- A 2 percent rate for automotive vehicles;
- A 3 percent rate for food sold through vending machines; and
- A 4 percent general rate for all other items.
- Raw materials used by manufacturers or compounders specifically exempt from sales and use taxation.
- Pollution control equipment statutorily exempt from taxation.
- Credit for sales and use tax paid to another state and its subdivisions.
- Exemption for quality control testing and donations to charitable entities.
- Abatements by cities, counties, and public authorities may include:
For qualifying industries, all state and the local non-educational portion of construction related
transaction (sales and use) taxes associated with constructing and equipping a project. For coal
mining projects, half of the state sales and use tax may be abated.
- Utility gross receipts tax exemptions for:
- Sewer costs;
- Water used in industrial manufacturing in which 50 percent or more is used in industrial processing;
- Exclusions for utility services used in certain types of manufacturing and compounding processes;
- An electrolytic or electro-thermal manufacturing or compounding process;
- Natural gas which becomes a component of tangible personal property manufactured or compounded
(but not used as fuel or energy);
- Natural gas used to chemically convert raw materials prior to the use of such converted raw materials
in an electrolytic or electro-thermal manufacturing or compounding process.
- Increased utility tax for refurbishments, upgrades, or reopening of a facility.
Grants are available up to $150,000 to reimburse your company for costs associated with the preparation of a means to
access a site as well as clearing, excavating, grading, drainage, and
reasonable rehabilitation costs of buildings and other structures. The
actual amount of the grant is based on the capital investment for the project.
The Alabama Industrial Development Training Institute is one
of the premier recruitment and retention tools in the nation. Their
mission is to screen, train, and offer a workforce that will surpass the
productivity of your company's (any company's) workers in other states.
Their slogan "Our attitude is priceless. Our training
is free." suggests that they will furnish potential employees (you choose from a
group of trainees) that not only have the skills that you require but also have
the outlook you desire. This all-inclusive, fully-customized training
program is available at no cost. Absenteeism and turnover rates of less
than 2% have been experienced throughout the first year by the 500+ companies
that have utilized the AIDT system. Management seminars and expansion
support are also available in future years.
Along with one of the most reliable power systems in the nation, TVA Economic Development provides support and financial resources to existing businesses and industries in the Valley to help them grow and be more efficient and profitable. These resources include technical assistance, low-interest loans, credits for small manufacturers, and the newest program, the Valley Investment initiative. The Valley Investment Initiative is an economic development incentive program which offers competitive incentives to eligible customers who make multi-year commitments to invest in the Tennessee Valley. More information can be found on TVAED.com.
Utility Tax Credit
Under specific conditions, industries may be excluded from the state sales tax levied on electricity and natural gas if it is used by the manufacturer or compounder in an electrolytic or electro-thermal manufacturing or compounding process to convert raw materials prior to the use of the raw material. And from the sales tax levied on water, if at least 51% of the water consumed is used in the manufacturing process.
Business Privilege Tax
- Corporations' income tax based on net taxable income derived only from business conducted within the
state determined by applying a four-factor formula of property, payroll, and double-weighted sales to
total net income.
- Corporate income tax rate of 6.5 percent (Individuals taxed at a rate of 5 percent).
- Full deduction for all federal income taxes apportioned to Alabama creating a significantly reduced net
- 15- year carry-forward of net operating losses.
- Replaces the former franchise tax.
- Capped at $15,000 except for financial institutions and insurance companies.
Enterprise Zone Credit/Exemption
Full Employment Act of 2011
- Jackson County has been designated as a State
Enterprise Zone. Under certain conditions, an enterprise zone credit (Section 5) or exemption (Section 11) for income tax,
sales and use tax, and/or business privilege tax is available for qualified participants.
Heroes for Hire Credit
- Businesses with 50 or fewer employees may receive a one? time income tax credit equal to $1,000 per
new job paying over $10 per hour.
- A one-time $1,000 income tax credit for each recently deployed, and now discharged, unemployed veteran
hired and a $2,000 income tax credit to recently deployed, and now discharged, unemployed veterans
who start their own businesses. Employer must also meet the requirements of the Full Employment
Act of 2011.